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Showing posts from 2017

Overview of the circuit breaker in Hystrix

Libraries provided by Netflix, usually look simple, but after a deep dive, you will realize this stuff is pretty complicated. In this article, I want to explain behavior and usage of the circuit-breaker pattern being a part of the Hystrix.

Following the Wikipedia definition "Circuit breaker is used to detect failures and encapsulates logic of preventing a failure to reoccur constantly (during maintenance, temporary external system failure or unexpected system difficulties)." What does it mean?
For example, let's consider the circuit as a connection between two services. It operates normally (aka stays closed) when the connection is stable, and the target service is healthy. We can execute our requests (assume 100 per second) without any problems.
But when our target service is down (what we know after a few unsuccessful tries), it no longer makes any sense to try 100 times per second. So we open our circuit and serve responses from a predefined fallback, as we know that …

Understanding the first level JPA cache

I can bet that every Java developer at least heard about L1 (aka EntityManager or Session) cache. But is your level of understanding it good enough? If you're not sure, consider going through this post.

At first, we need to know what the persistence context is. Following EntityManager JavaDoc we know, that:
"A persistence context is a set of entity instances in which for any persistent entity identity there is a unique entity instance. Within the persistence context, the entity instances and their lifecycle are managed." 
In fact, the first level cache is the same as the persistence context. That means operations such as persist(), merge(), remove() are changing only internal collections in the context and are not synchronized to the underlying database. What is the mosts important here is what happens when you invoke the clear() method. It clears the L1 cache. But we know L1 == persistence context. Does it mean clearing L1 removes all entities? In fact yes - all entities…